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A Research Paper on OCPD

According to statistics, three percent of humankind suffer from obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. There is eight percent of the population diagnosed with this disorder in the United States. Some symptoms of this neuropsychiatric problem are visible, others remain hidden for everybody except an individual. The reason for an ample variety of symptoms is that the manifestation of OCPD is determined by the psychological structure of each particular person. In most cases, the disorder causes repetitive actions that don’t have any real purpose. Some people with OCPD wash hands every ten minutes, others are constantly counting in their minds. Many patients become perfectionists, trying to fix everything around them and sorting all objects in a certain order. This paper focuses on the etiology of OCPD and its common symptoms. It provides the most important information about the disorder and addresses challenges that patients have to overcome in their everyday lives. Due to their attention to details and constant checking, people with OCPD often have problems with interpersonal relationships.

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How Does OCPD Relate to Over-Attention?

The behavior of an individual is affected by various neuropsychiatric factors. Over-attention ― a disorder that is associated with attention to unnecessary details, was classified as a part of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder at the beginning of the 20th century. Today we also call such a behavioral model perfectionism. To describe this disorder in details, we need to look back at the history of researches and analyze its specific characteristics.

People started studying OCPD more than a century ago. Pallanti et al. point out that the multifactorial origin of this disorder was noticed from the very beginning. According to statistics, three percent of the human population are diagnosed with OCPD, while in the US this number equals to 8%. In addition, the number of men and women diagnosed with OCPD is relatively the same in different countries, though women have twice more chances to be diagnosed with it (Samuels and Costa). In contrast, there is no relation between the age and the disorder, since it is found in both adults and children.

First researches on this disorder are dated back in 1908. The legendary psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud noticed that some his patients have similar symptoms and described behavioral patterns of patients with OCPD for the first time. There were three symptoms, such as obstinacy, parsimony, and orderliness (Samuels and Costa). Individuals pay too much attention to details and rules. They create certain limits for their activities and often devote themselves to work, trying to be especially productive. After some time, this data was used by the American Psychiatric Association that managed to classify various symptoms of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (Samuels and Costa). The symptoms of OCPD were described as inflexibility and perfectionism. Such a determination includes a wide range of different conditions presented in most cases. On the other hand, individual features of this disorder may vary.

OCPD causes a significant impact on patients’ behavior. Such an influence is often described as standards and strict rules. Patients always follow certain rules and often force others to follow them as well. Obviously, such a behavior prevents patients from the natural process of socialization. These people have their own understanding of what is right or wrong, and it unlikely can be changed. Thus, they may be intolerant towards people who don’t share their views or don’t want to act the way that patients consider the only right way.

People with OCPD are over-conscious, which is why they are very concerned about everything that happens around them. They want to have absolute control over their lives, lives of people around them, and their environment. In turn, this tendency triggers the development of numerous obsessions. These people often try to place all objects in a symmetrical order or put too much effort in their speech, trying to express every thought as clearly as possible (Markarian et al.). Patients often suffer from fears and are obsessed with aggressive or sexual images. Individuals create various obligations for themselves, thus developing systems of repetitive actions. Among the most common rituals, there are grooming procedures, bathing or constant hand washing, regular checking or counting. Many people are afraid of making a mistake which makes them check their work time after time. Other patients are afraid of bacteria so they wash their hands or take shower frequently during a day. Psychiatrists have noticed that the expression of the disorder in behavior is determined by a type of obsession.

Sometimes it’s hard to find any relation between such rituals and obsession. For example, 25% of patients don’t demonstrate extreme forms of their rituals (Markian et al.). On the other hand, some people without OCPD may have the same deviations in their behavior due to their religious beliefs or traditions and culture of their society (Pallant et al.). This fact pushes us to a conclusion that we need to use a complex approach to diagnose this disorder.

People with this kind of personality disorder often try to be the most productive in their work, which is why they are very concerned about their job, trying to be as useful as possible, all the time. To stay productive, they may give themselves not enough rest, limiting moments of pleasure and contacts with other people. Despite the fact that many people with OCPD are workaholics, their performance may be far from perfect because of their constant need for re-checking and re-doing all their work. They may pay too much attention to unnecessary details, which affects their real productivity in a bad way.

The important role of productivity in lives of people with OCPD is the reason why many psychologists studied how this disorder affects the process of education. According to Grant et al., there is a reverse relationship between the educating ability and symptoms of OCPD. People diagnosed with it spend much more time on their assignments because of their need for re-doing what has been done before and controlling each detail. They often want to do their work even better than they were asked. They spend too much time editing their papers and even miss classes. On the other hand, Samuels and Costa note that people with OCPD still can become wealthy in terms of an income, social status, etc.

OCPD is a chronic disorder yet having especially active periods that are characterized by the worsening of symptoms. People with OCPD are more exposed to stresses because they try to control their emotions. In turn, the increased level of stress leads to new neurological disorders. OCPD is often observed along with narcissistic, paranoid, and avoidant disorders of personality (Samuels and Colta). At the same time, patients rarely develop alcohol or drug addiction, though they may use both alcohol and drugs trying to cope with mood disorders. Thus, one of the most important tasks for psychiatrists and psychologists is mood stabilization.

There is a relationship between OCPD and other disorders, such as anxiety and depressive disorders. The Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorder Study revealed that patients with OCPD develop various social phobias more often. They also are prone to the major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder (Samuels and Costa). Many researchers also note that the same situation is often observed with other personality disorders that are associated with the worsening of social area of life. Thus, it’s hard to determine what disorder is a cause and what is an effect. Depression may lead to OCPD as well as it can be caused by it.

The OCPD etiology includes many factors that determine the development of over-attentional behavior of an individual. According to Markarian et al, several studies proved that the corticobasal-thalamocortical loop of patients with OCPD demonstrates the increased activity. This zone of the human brain includes numerous important memory and emotional centers. At the same time, there is a decrease in activity of other parts of the brain that are responsible for problem-solving as well as for the ability to organize and plan. However, there is a need for further researches in this field.

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder is also associated with certain distinctive molecular processes. By looking at the molecular processes, we can see if a person suffers from over-attention. People with OCD demonstrate the increased activity of excitatory glutamatergic neurons. These neurons are located in the orbitofrontal cortex. To work with such patients, therapists often use serotonin. This hormone suppresses corresponding types of neurons and so decreases symptoms of OCPD.

Thus, the main symptoms of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder are over-attention to minor details, perfectionism, and significant preoccupation. In turn, over-attention causes various additional problems ― obsessions that form distinctive patterns of behavior. People with OCPD often suffer from depression and anxiety. Analyzing results of numerous researches, we can conclude that over-attention is one of the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder and it is caused by molecular processes as well as by neurophysiological factors. Over-attention also increases other symptoms and worsens the overall condition of a patient. Due to unusual patterns of behavior, people with OCPD often have difficulties with their private lives and career development.

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Have you ever been wondering if there is someone who can write your essay for you? There are many services on the internet, and we know that it may be hard for you to find the right one. If you decided to pay your money, you must be sure that the job will be done well. You must be sure that your paper will be written by professionals who are perfectly familiar with all necessary standards and the topic they are writing about. We offer you not only our great experience and perfect writing skills but also an easy-to-use interface of our website. All your transactions are safe and all your data is protected.

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The New Business Model: Writing Services

Writing services are an interesting type of business that attracts more attention every year. We decided to talk to a professional writer who works on one of such websites to get a grasp on the basics of this business. It was hard to digest the fact that this business is presented worldwide, and customers of writing services are students of the most prestigious colleges and universities. Numbers of students who rely on writing services is really impressive, so we decided to learn more about this phenomenon.

Most of the writers who work on writing assignments are native English speakers from the UK, the USA, Australia, and Canada. Many services have writers who are fluent in foreign languages, contacting experts from other countries if a customer wants his or her paper to be written in another language. The vast majority of writers are Master’s degree holders, and about 60% of them are holding a Ph.D.

Before any writer is even considered for such a job, he or she must complete several tests which must determine whether a candidate is familiar with all common citation styles and format requirements. Every writer must know such styles as Chicago, APA, MLA, and Harvard. However, the perfect knowledge of writing formats and styles isn’t the only requirement for writers who want to earn writing college papers. All their texts are checked with plagiarism software. Quality assurance experts check every paper to make sure that a writer did a good job. Generally, this job doesn’t differ from any other post-academic career. Our source told us that some experts usually earn more than others. For example, the help of STEM specialists is especially expensive.

How They Work

The writer and the client may contact via email. A customer sends all necessary materials and describes the task. However, this isn’t the most convenient method of communication so most writing services now have their online portals. All their customers register a private account, being able to track the status of their order during the whole writing process. Clients can request a revision or include additional materials. The highest number of orders usually falls on April and May, as well as on the period between October and November, when students have passed all necessary exams and work on other academic goals.

Most often, students find writing services by googling something like “write my essay”, “buy an essay”, or “do my essay for me”. The reason may be the fact that students look for such services only when they are in big troubles, as well as the fact that such services are still relatively unknown, which is weird.

Another weird fact was told by our source. Sometimes such services receive quite strange requests. For example, one customer asked them to write two multiple-choice tests for $2. However, they also had the opposite situation, when a client was ready to pay more than $5,000. He needed his big dissertation to be done in two days.

Many writers notice that they work not only with students. Scientists, content managers, and businessmen often order their help to fill their websites with a good content. They are looking for professional writers who they can trust.

As for the moral aspect of this online business, our writer has given a simple answer. They help students and all customers who ask for help. And they are never going to feel bad about helping others. Fair enough, isn’t it?

What Is an Academic Essay?

An academic essay is a particular type of academic paper that is based on a thesis statement and arguments that support this statement. Usually, such essays are a few pages long. They focus on one concrete idea, providing readers with materials that illustrate why a thesis statement is correct. There are four types of academic essays:

  • Persuasive essays are aimed to convince readers to accept a certain idea;
  • Argumentative essays consider arguments that support a certain point, as well as arguments of the opposite side. Such an analysis of opposite ideas must prove the author’s statement;
  • Expository essays provide a personal vision of a certain issue or idea;
  • Analytical essays are aimed to analyze a piece of art, event, etc.

Skills Required

Regardless of the essay type, students have to be familiar with certain principles of writing and have necessary skills. Some people are gifted to be good writers. However, there are many great writers who managed to develop their skills, practicing and improving the quality of their text. There are two most important skills for writers:

  • the ability to be logical, informative, coherent and accurate with arguments;
  • the ability to use an appropriate and ample language.

However, these skills may guarantee success only in case an author follows a certain structure, style, and format. This ability comes only with experience.

Tips on Academic Writing

Some useful advice is able to facilitate the writing process considerably. The heart of any academic essay is a good thesis statement and relevant evidence that supports it. For such a reason, those who want to write a strong academic essay must study the topic carefully, doing a detailed research. The success of this assignment depends on the level of understanding of the question. Once an author has prepared the thesis with necessary evidence, he or she starts working on the structure, writing an outline. The outline serves as a basis for several drafts. These drafts are edited and reviewed a few times before the final version of the essay is ready.

Any student is able to write an academic paper if one follows a certain algorithm. This algorithm isn’t complicated, but many students still fail when trying to write sophisticated academic papers. The reason is that many students just don’t have enough time so they are unable to get the desired result. In this case, we have another useful tip on academic writing: you can always ask for help. There are many experienced writers who are familiar with all necessary requirements. They are native speakers and graduated experts in various fields, so they won’t feel any difficulties while writing your essay of any kind. We provide examples available for downloading on our website so that our potential clients can estimate the uniqueness and quality of our service.

Those who want to get qualitative academic help must move through a few simple steps. First of all, a customer places an order. After this, our service finds an author who will be in charge for the essay. Since this moment, our customer can relax and wait while our writer does all the work. In addition, the client is able to contact the author anytime they want to clarify specific details and control the process. When the paper is ready, the client receives a PDF file with a preview of the essay. In case the work is approved, the client can download the final version. Our essays are always checked for plagiarism and grammar mistakes before we send the preview. In case our client is unsatisfied with the preview, he or she can request a free revision. If the final result doesn’t satisfy the client, we guarantee a refund.

Our service is simple and convenient. We select only the best writers and guarantee the highest quality of our papers. The price of the order depends on several factors, such as the type of paper, a deadline, the number of pages, and an academic level. Thus, students can analyze all the information above and decide whether they want to work on their assignment on their own or delegate this difficult work to our professionals. From our side, we provide writing help of the highest quality for a reasonable price.

Argumentative Essay on The Truth About 100% Pass Rates in Final Exams

Recently, The Times published an article about the institutions that most likely to award degrees to those who take the final exams on their degrees. It includes a list of such universities as University of East London, Arts University Bournemouth, Edinburgh, Sunderland, Worcester, Abertay, Oxford, Surrey, Durham, and Liverpool.

However, this article looks rather like shaming than a recommendation. The “shaming list” includes a number of prestigious universities that awarded literally 100% of final-year students. There are eleven such universities in total, including members of the Russel Group, and also a number of universities where such a figure was 99%.

Is it a Bad Thing?

The incredible pass rate raised debates about changes in the university standards. Such standards are always considered declining, especially by those who stay critical about the educational system of the United Kingdom. Moreover, recent rumors about undergraduates who achieved First Class degree were used by many people as an indicator of falling standards.

Such a position regarding the university degree standards is rather a healthy thing. This position is also explained by the fact that modern universities tend to consider themselves as service providers, while their students are considered clients. If we take into account the cost of education in the UK, we can reasonably conclude that the degree at the end is the least what such customers are expecting from their investments. And, of course, no service wants to receive bad feedback from unsatisfied clients.

Is It Really Easier to Study These Days?

It’s hard to say for sure because this issue is a little more complicated than the bald statistic describes it. The point is that the structure of degree courses has changed much more significantly than the standards of universities. The article mentioned above measures the 100% pass rate among students who take their final exams, but the concept of such statistics seems to be outdated for many universities. A final exam at the end of a three-year course could determine the entire degree before, but now there are many degree courses that are completely modular. Marks for the first semester of a certain year are equally weighted with the same marks of the whole course.

Thus, there is nothing special about the final exams in many different universities. They are aimed just to reflect the performance of the student for a particular module. If such exams were passed bad, it doesn’t mean that the overall performance of a certain student is bad. Moreover, this modular system provides instructors and students with more detailed information on the progress compared to the old degree programs which were entirely based on the final exams. Now students who have problems can be identified in advance and so take necessary help, or be placed on probation, or even advised to drop out in certain cases.

Previously, students could do almost nothing during three years, not getting the knowledge necessary for the final exams. For such a reason, many students predictably failed. Given the changes in the educational system, in case a university’s academic structures do their job, no students must enter the final exams being unprepared for it.

A Duty of Care

Everyone in the society should care about maintaining high standards of education, including students, employees, and university structures. But is entering the final exams without a virtual assurance of getting a degree really necessary? Is it a kind of rigor? In fact, it’s something completely opposite: universities are unable to identify students who need additional support and so they fail to provide a qualitative educational experience. We think that low failure rates are rather a reason for a celebration than for suspicious critique. They only illustrate how universities manage to monitor the progress of each student and provide great educational service. Thus, maybe you should check that list from The Times to get some good recommendations.

Government Announces Expansion of a Visa Program for International Students

At the end of 2017, the process of obtaining student visas (Tier 4) for applicants from non-EU countries was changed due to the fast expansion of a new government program. This program provides new flexible systems that allow students switch between different visas and get new opportunities of post-graduation employment. Is it an unexpected dramatic change in the government’s policy regarding international students? Let’s find out.

Why Are These Institutions so Special?

At the moment, it’s hard to explain the number of institutions included in the pilot program. According to the government, the list of the universities was formed based on the refusal rates in particular geographical zones. The universities with lowest rates were qualified regarding their location. The Home Office stated that these institutions illustrate a strong will to admit students on Tier 4 visas (“genuine students”). This visa type was a subject of discussions, given that the current administration expressed suspicions regarding students from non-EU countries, because of the danger that these students can abuse the visa scheme to work in the UK.

Abuse of the Visa Process

This government claimed that Tier 4 visa process is abused for a long time, though not having enough strong evidence. First of all, the Home Office claimed that more than 100,000 international students have their visas overstayed every year, which allows them to continue live in the UK and work illegally. The government has mentioned these estimated figures repeatedly, which is a reason why it initiated a process of counting students from other countries. In practice, it turned out that most of the international students leave the country after their visas expire. Moreover, they make a considerable contribution to the UK economy while they stay in the country.

In August, new figures revealed the truth: only 5,000 of 100,000 students overstayed their visas, which is an insignificant number given the total number of applicants. These statistics left the government a little embarrassed.

A Tacit Acknowledgement?

Does it mean that the government silently admits that it was wrong? Rather not, given the government’s attention to “genuine students”, and limits of the program that includes only the universities with the highest percentage of visa compliance. These facts point to the fact that the government still relies on the conception of Tier 4 abuse.

At the same time, this new scheme illustrates how the position of the government becomes softer. This is the good news for students whose rights for the automatic employment post-graduation were restricted since 2012. Such a restriction was supported by a group of additional measures, including restrictions for students’ dependents and spouses, increased requirements regarding minimal savings, and a system of new rules on academic progression. However, despite these initiatives, the number of international students from non-EU countries remained rather high.

The expansion of the new Tier 4 scheme reflects a new government’s vision of international students’ contribution to the UK economy and universities in particular. Now, when the real rates of overstayed visas revealed, we can expect more such initiatives, and maybe even fewer efforts to limit the number of these students.

14 Tips for Students to Survive a University Exam

Maybe you won’t be glad to hear about it again, but the season of exams is coming, and you don’t have much time. We went through a lot in January: the end of Christmas celebrations, attempts to quit alcohol and start dieting, squeezed bank accounts, and so on. However, January is ready for the most painful punch.

Before you started worrying, let’s chill for a second and think how you can do your best on exams. We decided to give you some useful tips, so you could use your energy effectively.

  1. Don’t procrastinate. Generally, procrastination is a will to do later something that you could do earlier. Most students suffer from such a problem, and it is the main reason why many of them fail on exams. Focus on your task, and try to start working as soon as you wake up. Make a coffee, open your laptop, grab your books and make sure that all your work will be done before evening.
  2. Stay healthy. You won’t be able to focus on work if your body is suffering. Don’t eat fatty food, sugar, and various fast food. Drink water to stay hydrated. Find the time to work out and take care of your body. As the Romans said, a healthy mind in a healthy body.
  3. Sleep more. To stay healthy, you have to sleep. It sounds obvious, but you have to give your body a necessary amount of sleep. 8 hours are best. Good sleep increases your brain activity and helps manage stress.
  4. Study along with others. The most common image of a student is somebody sitting all alone and reading books. Remember that it’s not the only possible way to prepare for exams. Cooperate with other students who have the same goals as you and who want to pass exams well. Working in a group helps you understand what exactly you have to study better, it allows you to compare various information and evaluate your knowledge. Prepare quizzes for each other and test each other’s knowledge with the most difficult questions. The only thing to remember – make sure that your team is really interested in studying, and you won’t just have fun.
  5. Forget about pubs. There are two major types of students: those who care about their future and those who don’t. Make sure that you’re in the first group. Some students think that they have studied before so now it’s time to hit the pubs. You also may have friends who invite you to join them. Just tell them that you can’t. You will have the time for it later, but now you have to accomplish your important tasks.
  6. Isolate yourself in a good way. Web surfing and various social media, such as Twitter, Instagram, Facebook, or Snapchat can suck much more of your time than you expect. Sometimes you just want to check your news feed, and at the next moment, you just wonder how a couple hours have passed. These websites won’t go anywhere if you take a break. Focus on your exams and return to the online communication after you get your high grades.
  7. Let your tablet or phone help you. Social media isn’t the only function of your mobile device. Some apps may turn out to be quite useful for your work. If you already have found such useful apps, use them, but don’t waste your time searching for something new that could help you. However, becoming analog isn’t bad too. You can always rely on index cards to remember important information.
  8. You have enough time. Some of the most productive people just use the time that is wasted by others. For example, Umberto Eco worked everywhere: waiting in a line, being on a train, or waiting for other people. There was a writer who’s managed to write a novel while waiting for his spouse to get ready to go out. Every time when you wait, you can open your laptop and work. You can read your notes or index cards while standing in a line in a shop, just don’t waste this time.
  9. Find your right environment. You need a right place and you have to take this problem seriously. Some people are most productive in a completely quiet room, others like noise or music. Just make sure that you don’t change locations all the time. Create a good place to work and stay there when studying.
  10. Trust no one. Quite often, before the exams, you may hear various wrong rumors. For example, people may say that you don’t have to worry about certain topics. Some of them are just misinformed; others try to sabotage efforts of other students intentionally. Verify any information and don’t rely on rumors unless they have been proved.
  11. Prepare your own exam. Make a little exam for yourself. It’s the most effective way to prepare for real exams. Imagine yourself a mean professor who knows all your weak points. Ask yourself the most complicated questions, and prepare yourself this way several times. If you’re studying in a group, make an exam for each other.
  12. Forget what you know. All information in our brains can be divided into three groups: information that we remember and unlikely to forget, information that we may confuse in stressful moments or forget sometimes, and information that we don’t know (or even don’t realize that we don’t know). While working with your cards or similar mobile apps, don’t waste your time on repeating and recalling things that you know well. Learn more about what you don’t know and make sure that you know all your weak points.
  13. Dig into it. Find similar exams of the previous course or the same exams from another school. Ask your teacher if he or she can share some old exams with you. Look for similar exams on the internet. You have to know what you are preparing for, and we suggest searching for such examples in advance.
  14. The early bird catches the worm. The truth is, the sooner you start preparing, the better your exams might be. If you have a few weeks to prepare, don’t waste this time and wait until a few days before the exam. Maybe you think that the fresh material will be recalled easier, but it’s a mistake. You will remember it only if you over-learn it. Any information should be memorized, so take your time and study.

Additional Tip: Get Help if You Need

Sometimes students cannot cope with stressful situations while preparing for exams. Many of them even suffer from depression, anxiety, or fear. Don’t ignore such things, because they can become a serious problem for you. Instead, get help. There are many services for university students that help people like you overcome stresses, cope with their emotions, and work effectively. Don’t be too shy to ask for help.

How to Write an Excellent Movie Review

Movie reviews are aimed to help readers decide whether they will watch a movie or not. Good movie reviews are distinguished by independent opinions. While trailers provide you with a brief idea of the movie, reviews help in analyzing and understanding the movie in more detail. Trailers often show the most beautiful moments and best visual effects. Reviews provide readers with an independent opinion on the whole movie: its plot, idea, and its realization.

The Purpose of a Movie Review

  • Academic reviews are a common task for students. It helps develop critical skills and improve writing.
  • Journalistic reviews can be seen in magazines or blogs. They include critique and analysis of various significant aspects of the movie.
  • Advertisement. This type of review is aimed to persuade readers to watch the movie.

Preparation

We suggest starting writing a review right after watching the movie. You’ll be able to analyze more details and provide a more accurate estimation of the idea. Given that an impression of the movie may differ depending on how you watch it (in cinema or on a 10-inch tablet), we suggest avoiding watching movies in poor quality.

First of all, define questions that you’re going to discuss in the review. Keep in mind all necessary questions while watching the movie, so that you won’t miss any important details.

Bring your laptop to the cinema, and start writing right after the movie has finished. You have to note the brightest moments and the most interesting details. When you start writing the review, write your headline first. Headlines are important, so make sure that your headline is unique and creative.

Do a research, and find all necessary information about the movie. You have to provide readers with names of the director and actors, genre, and year.

Familiarize yourself with standards of writing. You have to know the required format, the number of words, and the deadline. We also suggest choosing a type of the review – it may be critical or descriptive.

Ask Yourself Important Questions

  • What is the mood of the movie?
  • How was the story presented by the director? If you’ve seen other movies of such a director, compare them and decide which one is the best.
  • Was the script interesting or weak? Did you like dialogues or not? Why?
  • Did you like elements of the background and the shooting scene?
  • Were the costumes chosen appropriately?
  • How good were special effects? How important were they for the entire movie and the story?
  • Analyze the soundtrack. Did it influence the story positively?
  • How good were actors?
  • What did the movie teach you? Does it have an interesting general idea?
  • What moments couldn’t you understand?
  • What is your favorite character, and why?
  • What character you hate, and why?
  • What part of the movie was the most important, and why?
  • Did the movie remind you of any real events from your life?
  • What do you think about characters? Do you respect them? Why?
  • What you’d like to change in the script?
  • What events impressed you most of all?
  • What is the most important moment of the film? Is it impressive or funny?
  • What problems the main character has to overcome?
  • What is the background of events described in the movie?
  • What dramatic issues do you consider the most important?
  • Was the ending unpredictable or trivial?
  • What audience you’d like to recommend this movie?

Writing the Review

The very first sentence of the review must reflect your opinion about the movie. You can compare it to another movie, or consider its idea. You can also start with an interesting fact about the movie.

Introduction

Once you’ve written an impressive first sentence, you have to write a not less impressive introduction. It must provide readers with brief information on the idea of the movie. You can also describe the main line or list actors, writing where they have shot before. Make sure that you don’t just retell the movie, because it’s really boring. Your opinion must be introduced at the beginning because it will form a basis for the whole review. Your readers must understand what you think about it, and you also have to motivate them to read further. An average introduction is 2-4 sentences long, so don’t write too many details at this stage. Just give general information that suggests what you’re going to discuss.

Plot Summary

You have to describe key moments of the film but do it briefly. Just make sure that your readers get the main idea and all the main twists and turns. Don’t retell the entire story, but make sure that you’ve mentioned the following components:

  • Exposition – the beginning of the story.
  • Rising action – this part precedes the culmination. Main characters are trying to solve the conflict, but they can’t.
  • Climax – the culmination of the story, the most stressful part.
  • Falling action – events that occur after the culmination.
  • Resolution – basically, it’s the end of the story. Here problems and conflicts are finally solved.

If the movie is bad, you can describe it without many details. However, you will have to provide a detailed analysis.

Analysis of the Movie

Write about actors and tasks they’ve coped with. Analyze the plot in more details and highlight its strong and weak points. How was the main idea disclosed? How good was the director’s work? How good was the production team? Try to estimate the operator’s work and special effects. Write what you like most of all in this movie.

Your Personal Impression

You don’t have to be really objective here, but you must write your opinion based on the analysis above. Focus on your impression, and don’t try to evaluate it.

Conclusion

The last section of your review must draw conclusions and summarize the whole analysis. Define what viewers will get from watching this movie. Does it give any positive emotions? Does it teach viewers something, or is it just fun? Tell whether or not this film is worth watching it, and what audience may like it.

Proofreading

Now take a little break, and then read your review. You may need to add some details or get rid of unnecessary sentences. Ask yourself, did you describe the movie enough, and does your review provide readers with the understanding of what the film is about?

Check actors’ names, and make sure that you’ve spelled them correctly. Check the format of the review and make sure that it’s easy to read, and that all the sentences are logically connected.

Useful Words and Phrases

Sometimes you may have no idea how to start a sentence, so we want to help you with these universal phrases:

  • Judge solely on the merits
  • Watered-down version of another movie
  • Haphazardly executed
  • Something close to earlier works
  • Something is sorely missing
  • Far-cry from masterpiece

A movie can:

  • be a silver screen
  • include a star-studded cast
  • eclipse everything made before
  • be a true classic
  • win universal approval
  • reveal controversial issues
  • bombard the viewer with upsetting information or violent scenes

Checklist for Movie Reviews

Introduction

  • Genre and title
  • Brief description of a story
  • Year of production, rating, director, setting
  • Comparison with another movie of this genre

Body Paragraph

  • Effective and brief overview of the script
  • Evaluation of the director’s work
  • The quality of the movie and its budget
  • Key scenes
  • Actors
  • Critical analysis of the main scenes
  • Your personal opinion
  • Soundtrack
  • Descriptive examples that support your point
  • Strong and weak points of the movie, supported by facts

Conclusion

  • Message of the movie
  • Summary of the review and final judgment
  • A memorable comment at the end of the review

Editing

  • Grammar mistakes and spelling
  • Explanatory style

We also suggest taking into account that you don’t need to express your negative emotions if you don’t like the film. Good reviewers just guide their readers through the film and make some hints if the movie is worth watching it. Read as many reviews as you can to get new ideas and understand the necessary style. Don’t hurry up, take your time, and you’ll create an excellent movie review!

How to Write an Argumentative Essay About Anything

What is an Argumentative Essay?

Argumentative essays discuss certain topics and then provide readers with an author’s argument which is based on the discussion.

Good argumentative essays have certain things in common. Many good writers use the same methods that allow them to make their texts more persuasive. First of all, we suggest you not being one-sided, and consider arguments that support your points along with arguments of the opposite side of such a discussion.

How to Choose a Topic

If you really want to do your best and get a high grade, we suggest choosing a topic that is interesting to you. You can define the subject first and then search for any available topics related to this subject. Your subject can be education, politics, social issues, religion, or whatever you want.

Argumentative Essay Structure

One of the key principles of success is creating a right structure of the essay. If you follow the proper structure, you’ll be able to easily outline the essay and write it step-by-step. There are several common types of argumentative essay structure, so we divided them into three groups: con-pro, pro-con, 3 cons, alternating structures, and claim/counterclaim.

Let’s consider these types in more detail.

Pro-Con Type

This type can be used for any simple school essay or any other short essay on any subject.

  • Introduction
  • First pro point 1 and support
  • Second pro point 2 and support
  • Con point and refutation
  • Conclusion

This type includes two pro points and one con, therefore the body part of the essay consists of three paragraphs. Both the introduction and conclusion are also one paragraph long.

Con-Pro Type

This type of structure can also be used for any short essays.

  • Introduction
  • Con point and refutation
  • First pro point 1 and support
  • Second pro point 2 and support
  • Conclusion

This type of structure is similar to the previous one, but here the author discusses a con point first, and after that, he describes pro points.

Just like the previous type, this one consists of five paragraphs, three of which are devoted to the con and pro points.

3-Con Type

Here is another universal type of structure.

  • Introduction
  • First con point and refutation
  • Second con point and refutation
  • Third con point and refutation
  • Conclusion

Essay of such a structure implies no particular pro point, but it’s focused on the retraction of con points, which is appropriate for an argumentative essay.

Just like previous types, this structure consists of five paragraphs, which is a classical approach.

Claim/Counterclaim

This type of essay structure can be applied to more difficult essays. Previous types were school-oriented, but this type can be easily used for college essays.

  • Introduction
  • First counterclaim point and refutation
  • Second counterclaim point and refutation
  • Third counterclaim point and refutation
  • First claim point and support
  • Second claim point and support
  • Third claim point and support
  • Conclusion

This type of structure is much more complicated, and it implies writing a longer essay. Here you can develop your point in more detail, providing readers with more ideas and information.

This structure consists of a one-paragraph-long introduction, two main parts, and a paragraph of conclusions. Each part of the body contains three paragraphs. In the first part, you describe and retract the counterpoint, and the second part of the body describes and supports the pro point.

Alternating Structure

This structure also fits advanced college essays about any subject.

  • Introduction
  • First claim point and support
  • First counterclaim point and refutation
  • Second claim point and support
  • Second counterclaim point and refutation
  • Third claim point and support
  • Third counterclaim point and refutation
  • Conclusion

This structure also allows you to create a complex discussion with claims and counterclaims.

Along with the introduction and the conclusion, there is a main part which consists of three parts. Each of these parts includes two opposite points.

Well, now you can choose a structure that fits your essay best. Now you have to write the essay according to the chosen structure. Before you start, we suggest reading our tips that will help you create a great argumentative essay.

An Excellent Argumentative Essay

Introduction

This is very important part of your essay. It creates the first impression of the entire paper, and here you introduce your main argument

First of all, we suggest providing readers with necessary background information, so they could understand context and specifics of your topic. After that, introduce your topic. Tell your readers, what makes this topic really important, and what you think about it.

Counterclaim Refutation

Start a paragraph with a clear statement of the point. After that, use statistics, facts, logical arguments, and opinions of experts to rebut this point. You have to convince your readers, proving why this point is incorrect or irrelevant. After you explained why the counterclaim is wrong, move right to your thesis statement.

Claim Support

Begin with a clear statement and describe the point. After that, support it with evidence. Just like in a previous paragraph, use relevant facts, opinions, and proven sources. Once you explained why the claim is right, present your proved argument as a thesis statement.

Conclusion

Don’t underestimate the conclusion. This part is as much important as the introduction, because it determines what your readers will think about after reading your essay. Your conclusion must remind readers the most important arguments.

First of all, you have to restate your claim, but make sure that you don’t repeat it exactly like you did at the beginning of the essay. Briefly remind your arguments. Tell your readers why the conclusion is important.

Finalizing the Essay

Even if you wrote the entire essay, it doesn’t mean that you’re ready to submit it. There are many common mistakes in argumentative essays, and we suggest making sure that your essay doesn’t include any of them. Follow our list of common mistakes and fix everything according to this list.

  • Check grammar and spelling errors;
  • Make sure that your essay is written according to the necessary format;
  • Organize your references and citations in a proper way;
  • Check your title page and make sure it meets necessary requirements;
  • Read everything once again to be sure that you didn’t miss any important details.

Ultimate Guide: How to Write a Rhetorical Analysis Essay

A rhetorical analysis essay is a type of writing aimed to determine how the creator of an analyzed work supports their idea, thoughts and arguments. The main goal is to examine and present the persuasive techniques used by the author. You can also write whether the author succeeded in reaching their goals or not.

This type of essay should be clear and concise, grammatically correct, and written in the present tense. Remember that your ideas should be presented coherently.

GET READY WITH YOUR RHETORICAL ANALYSIS ESSAY

Writing a good rhetorical analysis essay is no different than dealing with other written assignments. You need to keep in mind the aim of your paper, writing techniques and strategy, structure, grammar, and spelling. Rhetorical analysis essay is ‘writing about writing’. You need to analyze how the author convinced the reader, what techniques they used to support their arguments, what their target audience was and whether the author achieved their goal.

Now get ready to write a rhetorical analysis essay:

  • Determine the situation described in the analyzed text
  • Find out who an author/speaker/writer is
  • Determine the goals of the analyzed work
  • Find out who the author’s target audience is
  • Analyze the subject of the original text
  • Examine the ways the author’s intentions are achieved

HOW TO START

The best way to start writing your paper is to analyze similar papers of other authors. This is a great way to grasp the idea of how to structure your essay and determine the goals of writing rhetorical analysis essay. At our service you can find sample essays to get inspired.

Another thing that you should do is to identify SOAPSTone. SOAPSTone stands for:

  • S – speaker (the writer or the narrator)
  • O – occasion (determine the situation the text was written for)
  • A – audience (the target audience the text was written for)
  • P – purpose (what the author aims to achieve)
  • S – subject (the topic of the text)
  • Tone – (the author’s attitude to the subject)

Remember that dealing with this type of essay is all about answering the questions how and why. How did an author …? Why did an author..? Why is this stylistic device used? How is this language used?

FOLLOW THE STRATEGY

It is truly important to be strategic and structure your work. You need to determine your winning strategy and grab the reader’s attention. To do so you need to think your work through. Gather all the needed information, plan the outline, choose your writing style, think about your analysis and make it convincing. You should also remember about the language you use. Be scrupulous about choosing the words to express your ideas. As you determine your target audience, use the language that will best appeal to the audience you have chosen. This is one of the keys to success.

HOW ARISTOTLE CAN HELP YOU WRITE AN ESSAY

There are three terms created by Aristotle you need to keep in mind. These three persuasive techniques will help you appeal to the reader and grab their attention:

  • Ethos appeals to ethics. We need to convince the reader in the writer’s credibility. In other words, we aim to convince the audience why we can rely on the author’s stand on the theme.
  • Pathos appeals to emotions. The author knows how to trigger particular emotions. You, in turn, should also appeal to your audience’s feelings.
  • Logos appeal to logical thinking. Provide facts and logical arguments to convince the reader.

If it is still a bit difficult to deal with all the theory, feel free to contact our professional writers. Rely on our authors who know a thing or two about writing excellent papers. Plus, you can also turn to our editors for help who can proofread your essays.

CREATE A TOP-NOTCH OUTLINE

Your structure should consist of:

  • Introduction

A good introductory paragraph sets the style, tone, goals of the whole work. Provide your thesis statement and tell what your paper is going to be about. Also include rhetorical techniques you are going to use.

  • Main Body

In the main body you need to provide the evidence and support your arguments. Be concise. Remember to keep your audience’s attention and use ethos, pathos and logos strategies.

  • Conclusion

A good conclusion should summarize your paper. Rephrase your main points and thesis. Plus, it will be a good idea to end your essay with a related question, a call-to-action or other conclusion techniques.

RHETORICAL ANALYSIS ESSAY: AWESOME WRITING TIPS

Never:

  • argue with the author’s opinion
  • include new information in your conclusion
  • start your concluding paragraph with ‘In conclusion’
  • hand in your paper without revision and proofreading

Always:

  • read your paper twice
  • check your essay for grammar and spelling mistakes
  • structure your work
  • utilize creative writing techniques

WHERE TO GET PROFESSIONAL HELP WITH RHETORICAL ANALYSIS ESSAY

You can get yourself out of the trouble and ask our professionals for help. Our custom writing service is a leading expert in academic papers. We provide top-notch papers fast. Our online service is a perfect place to order an essay from professionals. Here you can find writers who know all the peculiarities of crafting rhetorical analysis essay. Your paper will be written by the most talented authors.